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To become a Canadian citizen, applicants must


  • be a permanent resident

  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)

  • have filed your taxes, if applicable

  • pass a citizenship test

  • prove language skills in English or French


Must have permanent resident (PR) status in Canada when applying for citizenship. PR card need not be valid i.e can apply with an expired PR card.


Taxes should be filed in Canada for at least 3 years during the 5 years right before the application


Language skills - For those between 18 to 54 years of age on the day of application must show ability to speak and listen at a Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher in one of  English or French. 


Pass a citizenship test - For applicants between 18 to 54 years of age on the day of application, need to take the citizenship test. 


The test is:


  • in English or French

  • 30 minutes long

  • 20 questions (pass mark: 15 correct answers)

  • multiple-choice and true or false questions

  • based on the official citizenship study guide: Discover Canada

  • usually written, but may be oral

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